In many cases, many tonneau covers can be installed in less than a half hour, but that isn’t to say that this is the universal experience for every truck bed cover.
For example, how to install a Tyger tonneau cover on a Ford F-150 will vary quite differently from a tonneau cover that’s designed specifically for trucks with Utili-track like the Nissan Titan.
One of the first questions people tend to ask is, “Are any holes drilled in the truck?”
Well, in most cases, modern tonneaus don’t require any drilling since most modern tonneaus clamp onto the body of the vehicle.
That being said, some retractable tonneau covers require you to run an air hose through the bed of the truck, and while some trucks have plastic plugs to drill through, you may have to drill into the beds of some models.
In fact, how to install folding tonneau cover variations or roll-up variations can definitely vary from product to product, which is why following the manufacturer’s instructions will be crucial.
Still, knowing some of the basics of tonneau installation for each type can make the process easier, even considering that some models will only take about 10 minutes to install.
In this guide, we’re going to show you some installation methods for some of the most popular tonneau covers on the market.
How to Install a Roll up Tonneau Cover
Learning how to install soft roll-up tonneau cover types is typically very simple, but in many cases, you’ll need a rail system that you install atop your bed’s existing body.
Here’s a step-by-step installation guide:
- Using the included solvent, clean the pickup bed rails.
- Install the weather seals on the corners of the bed. This will help the rails become more weatherproof.
- Place the driver and passenger side rails atop the pickup bed rails.
- Assemble the included clamps. Some clamps will require Allen or socket wrenches for assembly.
- Secure the clamps in place so that the tonneau rails are loosely attached to the bed rails.
- Grab the cover and align it so that it’s matched to the top of the cab-side of the pickup. Attach the cover.
- Tighten the clamps at the front fully using the required tools.
- Center the rails.
- Tighten the tailgate-side clamps.
- Attach any remaining weather seals to the tailgate and close.
- Test the installation by rolling up the tonneau and unrolling it.
How to Install Tri-Fold Tonneau Cover Variations
There are two types of tonneau covers that can be classified under the tri-fold style.
These two tonneaus can either have a soft body with a metal frame that’s typically aluminum, or they can be comprised entirely of a harder material like metal or fiberglass.
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Knowing how to install a hard tonneau cover with a tri-fold design usually requires a few steps that are similar to knowing how to install a soft tonneau cover with a tri-fold design.
Both may not require rails, but both will need you to clamp the tonneau to the body of your truck bed.
Here’s a step-by-step installation guide:
- Wash the truck bed thoroughly; a solvent can be very useful for this.
- Place the folded tri-fold atop the truck bed – positioning it as close to the cab as is possible.
- Fully unfold the tonneau so that the body of the tri-fold hard or soft cover fits evenly atop the bed.
- Once you know the tonneau is even, carefully fold it up so that it is closest to the cab again.
- Using the included clamps, attach the clamps under the tonneau and under the bed flange. As a general rule, avoid over-tightening the clamps at this stage.
- Open the tailgate.
- Unfold the tonneau one more time so that it covers the entire bed.
- Slide the included rear clamps towards the tailgate end of the tonneau and loosely tighten them under the bed flange. Pull the clamp lever down, which will ensure that the tonneau is secured to this section of the bed flange.
- Close the tailgate. Most tri-fold tonneaus will lock this way, and all you’ll have to do to unlock them at the tailgate end is to pull the latch.
How to Install Roll N Lock Tonneau Cover
Roll N Lock is a retractable tonneau cover that’s very convenient to use. It has a very structured design that provides some excellent security for your truck, but it’s also important that you will need to do some drilling, and it’s a good idea to have an electric screwdriver.
Overall, with one of these tonneaus, you’ll probably perform an installation over a couple of hours.
Here’s a step-by-step installation guide:
- Remove any factory-installed tie-downs at the front of the bed using a flathead screwdriver.
- Install the housing support brackets using bolts. These are installed into the bed holes that were exposed when removing the tie-downs. You’ll need a 7/16 wrench or socket for this part.
- Since the housing support brackets on both sides aren’t entirely watertight with the top of the bed rail, you’ll need to mold the included butyl strips so that a seal is formed.
- Attach the roll and lock housing unit to the bed rails of the truck. You should use a tape measure to ensure that the head unit is properly placed.
- Remove the lid of the housing unit by removing the Phillips-head screws at each end.
- Assemble the track bracket, which is constructed of washers, tangs, and brackets and insert the completed units into both of the exposed bed holes at the tailgate end of the bed. Ensure that the flat surface is at the top of the bracket. Hand-tighten the bolt loosely.
- Release the latches on the housing unit by turning it clockwise. Next, slide the driver-side and passenger-side tracks into position so that it aligns.
- Thread screws through the pre-punched holes and into the cargo nut.
- Loosely attach the track brackets and bed clips to the rails – the amount of bracket and bed clips will vary based on the length of the bed
- Position the tailgate extrusion on the tailgate and screw the self-tapping screws into the pre-punched holes. It’s crucial that this extrusion is lined up accurately.
- Close the tailgate to ensure that it’s lined up correctly.
- Grab the housing unit and shift it back so that the track ends overlap the tailgate slightly. Also, move the tracks inwards as well so that they almost reach the tailgate extrusion.
- Tighten the rear clamps so that the tracks become level and flush.
- Tighten the clamps with an Allen key or wrench. Make them snug but not too tight.
- Install self-tapping screws into the housing so that it screws into the flange.
- Remove the wingnut that secures the pull strap – pull the pull strap until the tonneau cover meets the extrusion on the other side of the bed. It should latch into place.
- Reinstall the lid you removed as well as the lid screws using a Phillips screwdriver.
- Install the cargo bumper onto the housing unit using the screws and rubber washers.
- Drill two holes into the bulkhead using a half-inch drill bit. Run the included air tubes from the housing unit to the holes.
How to Install a Tonneau Cover with a Spray Bed Liner
Believe it or not, when you’re installing a tonneau cover with a spray bed liner, there won’t always be many extra steps during the installation process.
In fact, many models of tonneau can be installed right atop the spray-in solution.
Having said that, some models of tonneau use 3M adhesives for the rails or the seals, which simply won’t bond to the spray-in material, so here’s a step-by-step installation guide so that you can adjust the spray-in material so that you can install your tonneau:
- Use a strong chemical like Aircraft Remover on the areas where you have to trim.
- Grab a heat gun and chisel and heat the area and chisel away the portion that you’ll be using for your tonneau.
- Sand away any excess spray-in material so that the portion of the bed you’ll need to use is completely exposed.
- Install the tonneau using one of the previously mentioned methods.
Install the tonneau using one of the previously mentioned methods
Retractable tonneau covers can either be electronic or manual, but they provide a very strong degree of protection for the contents of your bed.
While the Roll N Lock is a good example of a retractable, not every retractable installs the same way.
Here’s a step-by-step installation guide for a standard version:
- Carry the head unit to the front of the bed right behind the cab.
- Ensure that the seal on the head unit is resting atop the bulkhead bed rail of the truck.
- Attach the included nuts into the channel of the included rail. The more nuts, the longer the bed of your truck will probably be.
- Attach the end rail caps to the rail with a nut that’s tightened using one of the nuts an Allen wrench. Attach the small bolt to the other end of the rail.
- Loosely install the stoplocks to every other nut.
- Disassemble the clamp and attach the topmost portion to the first nut without a stoplock. Continue this alternating pattern until you have all of the remaining nuts completed.
- Install the rail underneath the head unit and use the self-tapping screws to attach the components.
- Slide the first latch stop and attached half-clamp and while attaching the bottom part of the clap with a bolt, attach the rail to the flange of the bed. Attach the included bump stop to the clamp.
- Repeat the process with the adjustable latch stop in the middle.
- Attach the rear latch stop and half-clamp to the rear and install the bottom portion with the bolt. Attach the bump stop to keep it from moving.
- Close the tailgate to test the spacing. Most retractables come with a spacer so that you can determine the right fitment.
- Using an Allen wrench, tighten all of the nuts that are fitted into the rails. Make sure not to over tighten. To ensure the proper seating, apply pressure to the top of the rail.
- Push the stop latch as far as it will go towards the tailgate and tighten it so that it’s locked snugly.
- Tighten the middle stop latch. These should be at the same location as the opposite side.
- Finally, tighten the cab-side stop latch so that it’s flush with the head unit.
- Drill two holes into the bed – some beds have plastic plugs that you can drill two holes into.
- Run the drain tube from the head unit out the hole.
How to Install Tonneau Covers with Utility-Track or another Rack System
If your truck uses an Utili-Track system, you’ll need to use a tonneau that is designed to work using the tracks.
The chief difference with these is that the clamps will need to be installed on the rails so that you have an attachment point for the tonneau.
Once these clamps are installed, the process is fairly similar to standard tonneau installation.
Here’s a step-by-step installation guide for a tri-fold style of tonneau:
- Remove any bed extenders or factory components from the Utility-Track System.
- Install the 90-degree bracket into the tailgate-side of the track, the removed factory components, and then place the other 90-degree bracket onto the cab-side of the track.
- Place the cover atop the bed.
- Attach the mounting clamps to the first 90-degree bracket with an Allen wrench.
- Unfold and secure the tonneau to the rear 90-degree bracket.
As you can see the installation of most of the different types of tonneau covers that you will encounter on the market will be fairly simple.
Many of these options can easily be installed on your truck in 30 minutes to an hour by following the instructions that are outlined above.
Before you begin, make sure that the tonneau cover that you purchased is compatible with your truck so that you do not install a cover that simply does not fit.